Golkonda Fort Lying to the west of Hyderabad city at a distance of 11 km. It is also a mandal of Hyderabad District. The region is universally famous for the mines that have produced the world's most famous and coveted gems, including The Hope Diamond, Idol's Eye, The Koh-i-Noor and Darya-i-Noor.The most important builder of Golconda was Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah Wali, the fourth Qutub king of the Qutub Shahi Dynasty. Ibrahim was following in the spirit of his ancestors, the Qutub Shahi kings, a great family of builders who had ruled the kingdom of Golconda from 1512. Their first capital, the fortress citadel of Golconda, was rebuilt for defence from invading Mughals from the north.The most remarkable feature of the fort are its acoustics, where by a clapping of hands at the entry gate can be heard at the top of the fort which is 61 meters high. Water was raised by and ingenious system through laminated clay pipes and Persian wheels to cool the roof gardens and high walled palaces.
The city and fortress are built on a granite hill that is 120 meters (400 ft) high and is surrounded by massive crenelated ramparts. The beginnings of the fort date to 1143, when the Hindu Kakatiya dynasty ruled the area. The Kakatiya dynasty were followed by the state of Warangal, which was later conquered by the Islamic Bahmani Sultanat. The fort became the capital of a major province in the Sultanate and after its collapse the capital of the Qutb Shahi kings. The fort finally fell into ruins after a siege and its fall to Mughal emperor Aurangazeb.
Opening hours: 8:00am-6:30pm daily
Best time to visit: September to March
Entry Fee: Adult-Rs.120/- & Child-Rs.100/-